附录<如何阅读一本书>

http://book.douban.com/review/1082685/

===========附录一 建议阅读书目=========
荷马———–伊利亚特、奥德赛
未知———–旧约
埃斯库罗斯———–悲剧
索福克勒斯———–悲剧
希罗多德———–历史
欧里庇得斯———–悲剧 特别:美狄亚、希波吕托斯、酒神的伴侣
修昔底德———–伯罗奔尼撒战争史
希波克拉底———–医学著作
阿里斯托芬———–喜剧 特别:云、鸟、青蛙
柏拉图———–对话录 特别:理想国、会饮、斐多、枚农、申辩篇、斐德罗、普罗太戈拉、高尔吉亚、智者、泰阿泰德
亚里士多德———–全部作品 特别:工具论、物理学、形而上学、论灵魂、尼各马科伦理学、政治学、修辞术、诗学
伊壁鸠鲁———–致希罗多德信、致梅瑙凯信
欧几里得———–几何原本
阿基米德———–所有著作 特别:论平板的平衡、论浮体、沙粒计算
阿波罗尼奥斯———–圆锥曲线论
西塞罗———–友谊篇、演说集、论老年
卢克莱修———–物性论
维吉尔———–著作 英文版特别:牧歌、农业的?田园诗 、埃涅阿斯纪
贺拉斯 ———–长短句、颂歌集、诗艺
李维———–罗马史
奥维德———–著作 特别:变形记
普鲁塔克———–希腊罗马名人比较列传
塔西佗———–历史、编年史、阿古利可拉传、日耳曼尼亚志
尼可马修斯———–算术入门
爱比克泰德———–金言录、手册
托密勒———–天文学大成
琉善(路吉阿诺斯)———–著作 特别:论撰史、真实的历史、待售的哲学
马库思·奥勒留———–沉思录
盖伦———–论自然力
未知———–新约
柏罗丁———–六部九章集
圣·奥古斯丁———–著作 特别:论教师、忏悔录、天主之城 、论基督教教义
未知———–罗兰之歌
未知———–尼伯龙根之歌
未知———–尼雅尔萨迦(尼雅尔传)
阿奎那———–神学大全
但丁———–著作 特别:新生活、君主国、神曲
乔叟———–著作 特别:特罗勒斯与克丽西德、坎特伯雷故事集
达芬奇———–笔记
马基维里———–君主论、李维罗马史论
伊拉斯谟———–愚人礼赞
哥白尼———–天体运行论(De Revolutionibus)
托马斯·摩尔———–乌托邦
马丁·路德———–三檄文、桌上谈
拉伯雷———–巨人传
加尔文———–基督教要义
蒙田———–随笔 
威廉·吉尔伯特———–磁石论
塞万提斯———–堂吉诃德
爱德蒙·斯宾塞———–预祝婚礼曲、仙后
培根———–随笔集、学术的推进、新工具、新大西岛
莎士比亚———–著作
伽利略———–关于两门新科学的对话、星夜的差使
开布勒———–哥白尼天文学概要、世界的和谐
威廉·哈维———–动物心运动的解剖学研究、血液循环、论动物的生殖
托马斯?霍布斯———–利维坦
笛卡儿———–方法中的对话、方法论、几何学、第一哲学沉思
弥尔顿———–著作 特别:英文小诗歌、失乐园、力士参孙、论出版自由
莫里哀———–喜剧 特别:吝啬鬼、太太学校、恨世者、讨厌自己的医生、塔图弗
帕斯卡———–思想录、致外省人信札、科学论文集
惠更斯———–光论
斯宾诺莎———–伦理学
洛克———–论宽容、政府论、人类理解论
拉辛———–悲剧 特别:昂朵马格、费德儿
牛顿———–自然哲学的数学原理、光学
莱布尼兹———–形而上学序论、人类理智新论、单子论
笛福———–罗宾汉
斯威夫特———–致史黛拉书、格理弗游记、一个木桶的故事、一个小小的建议
康格里夫———–浮士道
柏克莱———–人类知识原理
蒲伯———–论批评、人论、鬈发遇劫记
孟德斯鸠———–波斯人信札、论法的精神
伏尔泰———–英国书简、憨第德、哲学词典
亨利·菲尔丁———–约瑟夫·安德鲁传、汤姆·琼斯
塞缪尔·约翰逊———–人类欲望的虚幻、英文辞典、拉塞勒斯、诗人传
休谟———–人性论、道德与政治文集、人类理智研究
让·雅各·卢梭———–论人类不平等的起源和基础、论政治经济学、爱弥尔、社会契约论
劳伦斯?斯特恩———–项狄传、在法国和意大利的伤感旅行
亚当·斯密———–道德情操论、国富论
康德———–纯粹理性批判、实践理性批判、法的形而上学原理-权利科学、判断力批判、论永久和平
爱德华·吉本———–罗马帝国的衰亡
包斯威尔———–伦敦日记、约翰逊传
拉瓦锡———–化学概要
多位———–联邦党人文集
边沁———–道德与立法原理导论、边沁的虚构理论(奥格登编撰)
歌德———–浮士德、诗与真相
傅立叶———–热的分析理论
黑格尔———–精神现象学、权利哲学、历史哲学
华兹华斯———–诗 特别:抒情歌谣集、露茜组诗、长诗(序曲)
萨缪尔·柯勒律———–诗 特别:忽必列汗、老水手行
奥斯汀———–傲慢与偏见、爱玛
克劳塞维茨———–战争论
司汤达———–红与黑、帕尔马修道院、爱情论
拜伦———–瑭璜
叔本华———–悲观主义的研究
法拉第———–蜡烛的化学历史、电学实验研究
莱伊尔———–地质学原理
孔德———–实证哲学教程
巴尔扎克———–高老头、欧也妮·葛朗台
爱默生———–代表人物、爱默生集:论文和讲演集、爱默生随笔
霍桑———–红字
托克威———–美国的民主政治
密尔———–理论学、论自由、代议制政府、功利主义、女性之卑屈、自传
查尔斯·达尔文———–物种起源、人类的由来、自传
查尔斯狄更斯———–著作 特别:匹克威克外传、大卫·科波维尔、艰难时世
克劳德·伯纳德———–实验医学研究导论
梭罗 ———–论公民的不服从、瓦尔登湖
马克思———–资本论
乔治·艾略特———–亚当·贝德、米德尔马契
赫尔曼·麦尔维尔———–莫比迪克(白鲸)、比理巴德
陀思妥耶夫斯基———–罪与罚、白痴、卡拉马佐夫兄弟
福楼拜———–包法利夫人、三个故事
易卜生———–戏剧 特别:海达·高布乐、玩偶之家、野鸭
托尔斯泰———–战争与和平、安娜·卡列尼娜、艺术论、二十三个故事
马克·吐温———–哈克贝里·费恩历险记、神秘的来客
威廉·詹姆斯———–心理学原理、宗教经验之种种、实用主义、彻底经验论文文集
亨利·詹姆斯———–美国人、奉使记
尼采———–查拉斯图拉如是说、善恶的彼岸、道德的系谱、权力意志
庞加莱———–科学与假设、科学与方法
弗洛伊德———–梦的解析、精神分析引论、文明及其不满、精神分析引论新编
萧伯纳———–戏剧 特别:人和超人、芭巴拉少校、恺撒和克里奥佩特拉、卖花女、圣女贞德
马克斯·普朗克———–origin and development of the quantum theory、Where Is Science Going、科学自传
亨利·伯格森 ———–“时间与自由意志、物质与记忆、创造进化论Creative Evolution、道德与宗教的两个起源the two sources of morality and religion”
杜威———–我们怎样思维、民主主义与教育、经验与自然、逻辑:探究的理论
怀特海———–数学导论、科学与现代世界、教育的目的及其他论文、观念的冒险
桑塔耶纳———–理性生活、怀疑主义与动物信仰skepticism and animal faith、人与地persons and places
列宁———–国家与革命
普鲁斯特———–追忆似水年华
伯特兰·罗素———–哲学问题、心的分析、意义和真理研究、人类知识的范围和界限
托马斯·曼———–魔山、约瑟和他的兄弟们
爱因斯坦———–相对论的意义、在牛津大学的演讲on the method of theoretical physics、物理学的进化
詹姆斯·乔伊斯———–《都柏林人》中的”死者”、青年艺术家的画像
马利坦———–艺术与经院哲学、知识的等级、人权与自然法、完整的人道主义
卡夫卡———–审判、城堡
汤因比———–历史研究、审判文化
萨特———–恶心、死无葬身之地、存在与虚无
亚历山大·索尔仁尼琴———–第一圈、癌症病房

 

 

http://cyberspacei.com/greatbooks/h2/how2read/h2r_appendix.htm#_Toc513561986

HOW TO READ A BOOK

A Guide to Reading the Great Books


by Mortimer J. Adler

 

APPENDIX:

GREAT BOOKS OF THE WESTERN WORLD

GATEWAY TO THE GREAT BOOKS

The authors and the Titles

Authors and Titles in
GREAT BOOKS OF THE WESTERN WORLD

ARRANGED CHRONOLOGICALLY WITHIN CATEGORIES

Imaginative Literature
HISTORY AND SOCIAL SCIENCE
NATURAL SCIENCE AND MATHEMATICS
PHILOSOPHY AND THEOLOGY
Imaginative Literature

HOMER,
The Iliad, The Odyssey

AESCHYLUS,
Complete Plays

SOPHOCLES,
Complete Plays

EURIPIDES,
Complete Plays

ARISTOPHANES,
Complete Plays

VIRGIL,
The Eclogues,
The Georgics,
The Aeneid

DANTE,
The Divine Comedy

CHAUCER,
Troilus and Criseyde,
The Canterbury Tales

RABELAIS,
Gargantua and Pantagruel

SHAKESPEARE,
Complete Plays,
Sonnets

CERVANTES,
Don Quixote

MILTON,
English Minor Poems,
Paradise Lost,
Samson Agonistes,
Areopagitica

SWIFT,
Gulliver’s Travels

FIELDING,
Tom Jones

STERNE,
Tristram Shandy

GOETHE,
Faust

MELVILLE,
Moby Dick

TOLSTOY,
War and Peace

DOSTOEVSKY,
The Brothers Karamazov

HISTORY AND SOCIAL SCIENCE

HERODOTUS,
The History

THUCYDIDES,
The History of the Peloponnesian War

PLUTARCH,
Complete Lives

TACITUS,
The Annals,
The Histories

MACHIAVELLI,
The Prince

MONTAIGNE,
Complete Essays

HOBBES,
Leviathan

MONTESQUIEU,
The Spirit of Laws

ROUSSEAU,
A Discourse on the Origin of Inequality,
A Discourse on Political Economy,
The Social Contract

SMITH,
The Wealth of Nations

GIBBON,
The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire

The Declaration of Independence,
Articles of Confederation,
The Constitution of the United States of America

BOSWELL,
The Life of Samuel Johnson, LL.D.

HAMILTON, MADISON, and JAY,
The Federalist

MILL,
On Liberty,
Representative Government,
Utilitarianism

MARX,
Capital

MARX and ENGELS,
Manifesto of the Communist Party

NATURAL SCIENCE AND MATHEMATICS

HIPPOCRATES,
Complete Works

EUCLID,
Elements

ARCHIMEDES,
Complete Writings

APOLLONIUS OF PERGA,
On Conic Sections

NICOMACHUS,
Introduction to Arithmetic

GALEN,
On the Natural Faculties

PTOLEMY,
The Almagest

COPERNICUS,
On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres

GILBERT,
On the Loadstone

GALILEO,
Two New Sciences

KEPLER,
Epitome of Copernican Astronomy,
The Harmonies of the World

HARVEY,
Medical Writings

HUYGENS,
Treatise on Light

NEWTON,
Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy, Optics

LAVOISIER,
Elements of Chemistry

FOURIER,
Analytical Theory of Heat

FARADAY,
Experimental Researches in Electricity

DARWIN,
The Origin of Species,
The Descent of Man

JAMES,
The Principles of Psychology

FREUD, Major Works

PHILOSOPHY AND THEOLOGY

PLATO,
Complete Dialogues,
The Seventh Letter

ARISTOTLE,
Complete Works

LUCRETIUS,
On the Nature of Things

EPICTETUS,
The Discourses

MARCUS AURELIUS,
The Meditations

PLOTINUS,
The Six Enneads

ST. AUGUSTINE,
The Confessions,
The City of God,
On Christian Doctrine

AQUINAS,
Summa Theologica

BACON,
Advancement of Learning,
Novum Organum,
New Atlantis

DESCARTES,
Philosophical Works,
The Geometry

PASCAL,
The Provincial Letters, Pensees,
Scientific Works

SPINOZA,
Ethics

LOCK.E,
A Letter Concerning Toleration,
Concerning Civil Government,
An Essay Concerning Human Understanding

BERKELEY,
The Principles of Human Knowledge

HUME,
An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding

KANT,
Major Philosophical Works

HEGEL,
The Philosophy of Right,
The Philosophy of History

Authors and Titles in

GATEWAY TO THE GREAT BOOKS

ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY WITHIN CATEGORIES

IMAGINATIVE LITERATURE
CRITICAL ESSAYS
MAN AND SOCIETY
NATURAL SCIENCE
MATHEMATICS
PHILOSOPHICAL ESSAYS

IMAGINATIVE LITERATURE

SHERWOOD ANDERSON,
I’m a Fool

ANONYMOUS,
Aucassin and Nicolette

LUCIUS APULEIUS,
“Cupid and Psyche” (from The Golden Ass)

HONORE DE BALZAC,
A Passion in the Desert

IVAN BUNIN,
The Gentleman from San Francisco

SAMUEL BUTLER,
“Customs and Opinions of the Erewhonians” (from Erewhon)

ANTON CHEKHOV,
The Darling,
The Cherry Orchard

JOSEPH CONRAD,
Youth

STEPHEN CRANE,
The Open Boat

DANIEL DEFOE,
Robinson Crusoe

CHARLES DICKENS,
“A Full and Faithful Report of the Memorable Trial of Bardell Against Pickwick” (from The Pickwick Papers)

ISAK DINESEN,
Sorrow-Acre

FYODOR DOSTOEVSKY,
White Nights

GEORGE ELIOT,
The Lifted Veil

F. SCOTT FITZGERALD,
The Diamond as Big as the Ritz

GUSTAVE FLAUBERT,
The Legend of St. Julian the Hospitaller

JOHN GALSWORTHY,
The Apple-Tree

NIKOLAI GOGOL,
The Overcoat

NATHANIEL HAWTHORNE,
Rappaccini’s Daughter

ERNEST HEMINGWAY,
The Killers

VICTOR HUGO,
“The Battle with the Cannon” (from Ninety-Three)

HENRIK IBSEN,.
An Enemy of the People

HENRY JAMES,
The Pupil

RUDYARD KIPLING,
Mowgli’s Brothers

D. H. LAWRENCE,
The Rocking-Horse Winner

THOMAS MANN,
Mario and the Magician

GUY DE MAUPASSANT,
Two Friends

HERMAN MELVILLE,
Billy Budd

MOLIERE,
The Misanthrope,
The Doctor in Spite of Himself

EUGENE O’NEILL,
The Emperor Jones

EDGAR ALLAN POE,
The Tell-Tale Heart,
The Masque of the Red Death

ALEXANDER PUSHKIN,
The Queen of Spades

SIR WALTER SCOTT,
The Two Drovers

GEORGE BERNARD SHAW,
The Man of Destiny

RICHARD SHERIDAN,
The School for Scandal

ISAAC SINGER,
The Spinoza of Market Street

ROBERT LOUIS STEVENSON,
The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde

JOHN M. SYNGE,
Riders to the Sea

LEO TOLSTOY,
The Death of Ivan Ilyitch,
The Three Hermits,
What Men Live By

IVAN TURGENEV,
First Love

MARK TWAIN,
The Man That Corrupted Hadleyburg

VOLTAIRE,
Micromegas

OSCAR WILDE,
The Happy Prince

CRITICAL ESSAYS

MATTHEW ARNOLD,
The Study of Poetry,
Sweetness and Light

SIR FRANCIS BACON,
Of Beauty,
Of Discourse,
Of Studies

THOMAS DE QUINCEY,
Literature of Knowledge and Literature of Power,
On the Knocking at the Gate in “Macbeth”

THOMAS STEARNS ELIOT,
Dante,
Tradition and the Individual Talent

WILLIAM HAZLITT,
My First Acquaintance with Poets,
On Swift,
Of Persons One Would Wish to Have Seen

DAVID HUME,
Of the Standard of Taste

SAMUEL JOHNSON,
Preface to Shakespeare

CHARLES LAMB,
My First Play;
Dream Children, a Reverie;
Sanity of True Genius

SAINTE-BEUVE,
What Is a Classic?, Montaigne

FRIEDRICH SCHILLER,
On Simple and Sentimental Poetry

ARTHUR SCHOPENHAUER,
On Style,
On Some Forms of Literature,
On the Comparative Place of Interest and Beauty in Works of Art

PERCY BYSSHE SHELLEY,
A Defence of Poetry

WALT WHITMAN,
Preface to Leaves of Grass

VIRGINIA WOOLF,
How Should One Read a Book?

MAN AND SOCIETY

HENRY ADAMS,
“The United States in 1800” (from History of the United States of America)

SIR FRANCIS BACON,
Of Youth and Age,
Of Parents and Children,
Of Marriage and Single Life,
Of Great Place,
Of Seditions and Troubles,
Of Custom and Education,
Of Followers and Friends,
Of Usury,
Of Riches

EDMUND BURKE,
Letter to the Sheriffs of Bristol

JOHN BAGNELL BURY,
Herodotus

JOHN C. CALHOUN,
“The Concurrent Majority” (from A Disquisition on Government)

THOMAS CARLYLE,
The Hero as King

KARL VON CLAUSEWITZ,
“What Is War?” (from On War)

JEAN DE CREVECOEUR,
“The Making of Americans” (from Letters from an American Farmer)

DANTE ALIGHIERI,
“On World Government” (from De Monarchia)

RALPH WALDO EMERSON,
Thoreau

MICHAEL FARADAY,
Observations on Mental Education

BENJAMIN FRANKLIN,
Proposal for Promoting Useful Knowledge Among the British Plantations in America,
Proposals Relating to the Education of Youth in Pennsylvania

GREAT DOCUMENTS,
The English Bill of Rights,
Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen,
The Virginia Declaration of Rights,
The Declaration of Independence,
Charter of the United Nations,
Universal Declaration of Human Rights

FRANCOIS GUIZOT,
“Civilization” (from History of Civilization in Europe)

NATHANIEL HAWTHORNE,
Sketch of Abraham Lincoln

DAVID HUME,
Of Refinement in the Arts,
Of Money,
Of the Balance of Trade,
Of Taxes,
Of the Study of History

WILLIAM JAMES,
On a Certain Blindness in Human Beings,
The Energies of Men, Great Men and Their Environment

THOMAS JEFFERSON,
“The Virginia Constitution” (from Notes on Virginia),
First Inaugural Address,
Biographical Sketches

IMMANUEL KANT,
Perpetual Peace

LA BRUYERE,
Characters

ABRAHAM LINCOLN,
Address at Cooper Institute,
First “Inaugural Address,
Letter to Horace Greeley,
Meditation on the Divine Will,
The Gettysburg Address,
Second Inaugural Address,
Last Public Address

HANIEL LONG,
The P,ower Within Us

LUCIAN,
The Way to Write History

THRMAS BABINGTON MACAULAY,
Machiavelli

THOMAS ROBERT MALTHUS,
“The Principle of Population” (from Population: The First Essay)

JOHN STUART MILL,
“Childhood and Youth” (from Autobiography)

THOMAS PAINE,
“A Call to Patriots—December 23, 1776” (from The Crisis)

PLINY THE YOUNGER,
“The Eruption of Vesuvius” (from Letters)

PLUTARCH,
Of Bashfulness

WILLIAM H. PRESCOTT,
“The Land of Montezuma” (from The Conquest of Mexico)

JEAN JACQUES ROUSSEAU,
A Lasting Peace Through the Federation of Europe

JOHN RUSKIN,
An Idealist’s Arraignment of the Age

ARTHUR SCHOPENHAUER,
On Education

ROBERT LOUIS STEVENSON,
The Lantern-Bearers

JONATHAN SWIFT,
Resolutions When I Come to Be Old,
An Essay on Modern Education,
A Meditation Upon a Broomstick,
A Modest Proposal for Preventing the Children of Ireland from Being a Burden to Their Parents or Country

CORNELIUS TACITUS,
The Life of Gnaeus Julius Ag-ricola

HENRY DAVID THOREAU,
Civil Disobedience,
A Plea for Captain John Brown

ALEXIS DE TOCQUEVILLE,
“Observations on American Life and Government” (from Democracy in America)

MARK TWAIN,
“Learning the River” (from Life on the Mississippi)

VOLTAIRE,
“English Men and Ideas” (from Letters on the English)

GEORGE WASHINGTON,
Circular Letter to the Governors of All the States on Disbanding the Army,
The Farewell Address

WALT WHITMAN,
Death of Abraham Lincoln

VIRGINIA WOOLF,
The Art of Biography

XENOPHON,
“The March to the Sea” (from The Persian Expedition),
“The Character of Socrates” (from Memorabilia)

NATURAL SCIENCE

SIR FRANCIS BACON,
The Sphinx

CLAUDE BERNARD,
Experimental Considerations Common to Living Things and Inorganic Bodies

KEES BOEK.E,
Cosmic View

TOMMASO CAMPANELLA,
“Arguments For and Against Galileo” (from The Defense of Galileo)

RACHEL L. CARSON,
“The Sunless Sea” (from The Sea Around Us)

EVE CURIE,
The Discovery of Radium

CHARLES ROBERT DARWIN,
Autobiography

SIR ARTHUR EDDINGTON,
The Running-Down of the Universe

ALBERT EINSTEIN and LEOPOLD INFELD,
“The Rise and Decline of Classical Physics” (from The Evolution of Physics)

LOREN EISELEY,
“On Time” (from The Immense Journey)

JEAN HENRI FABRE,
A Laboratory of the Open Fields, The Sacred Beetle

MICHAEL FARADAY,
The Chemical History of a Candle

GALILEO GALILEI,
The Starry Messenger

SIR FRANCIS GALTON,
“The Classification of Human Ability” (from Hereditary Genius’)

B. S. HALDANE,
On Being the Right Size

H. L. F. VON HELMHOLTZ,
On the Conservation of Force

THOMAS HENRY HUXLEY,
On the Relations of Man to the Lower Animals, On a Piece of Chalk

SIR JAMES JEANS,
Beginnings and Endings

SIR CHARLES LYELL,
“Geological Evolution” (from The Principles of Geology)

DMITRI MENDELEEV,
“The Genesis of a Law of Nature” (from The Periodic Law of the Chemical Elements)

IVAN PETROVICH PAVLOV,
Scientific Study of the So-called Psychical Processes in the Higher Animals

JOHN TYNDALL,
“Michael Faraday” (from Faraday as a Discoverer)

FRIED RICH WOHLER,
On the Artificial Production of Urea

MATHEMATICS

NORMAN ROBERT CAMPBELL,
Measurement, Numerical Laws and the Use of Mathematics in Science

WILLIAM KINGDON CLIFFORD, The Postulates of the Science of Space

TOBIAS DANTZIG,
Fingerprints,
The Empty Column

LEONHARD EULER,
The Seven Bridges of Konigsberg

ANDREW RUSSELL FORSYTH,
Mathematics, in Life and Thought

LANCELOT HOGBEN,
Mathematics, the Mirror of Civilization

EDWARD KASNER and JAMES R. NEWMAN,
New Names for Old, Beyond the Googol

PIERRE SIMON DE LAPLACE,
“Probability” (from A Philosophical Essay on Probabilities)

CHARLES SANDERS PEIRCE,
The Red and the Black

HENRI POINCARE,
Space,
Mathematical Creation,
Chance

BERTRAND RUSSELL,
The Study of Mathematics,
Mathematics and the Metaphysicians,
Definition of Number

ALFRED NORTH WHITEHEAD,
“On Mathematical Method” (from An Introduction to Mathematics),
On the Nature of a Calculus

PHILOSOPHICAL ESSAYS

HENRY ADAMS,
St. Thomas Aquinas

SIR FRANCIS BACON,
Of Truth, Of Death,
Of Adversity,
Of Love,
Of Friendship,
Of Anger

SIR THOMAS BROWNE,
“Immortality” (from Urn-Burial)

CICERO,
On Friendship,
On Old Age

WILLIAM KINGDON CLIFFORD,
The Ethics of Belief

JOHN DEWEY,
“The Process of Thought” (from How We Think

RALPH WALDO EMERSON,
Nature,
Self-Reliance,
Montaigne;
or, the Skeptic

EPICTETUS,
The Enchiridion

EPICURUS,
Letter to Herodotus,
Letter to Menoeceus

JOHN ERSKINE,
The Moral Obligation to Be Intelligent

WILLIAM HAZLITT,
On the Feeling of Immortality in Youth

WILLIAM JAMES,
The Will to Believe,
The Sentiment of Rationality

JOHN STUART MILL,
Nature

WALTER HORATIO PATER,
“The Art of Life” (from The Renaissance)

PLUTARCH,
Contentment

GEORGE SANTAYANA,
Lucretius,
Goethe’s Faust

VOLTAIRE,
“The Philosophy of Common Sense” (from Philosophical Dictionary)

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